So-called Baloch Independence Day


By Sajjad Shaukat

Every year, 11th Aug is celebrated by the Baloch Sub Nationalists (BSNs) as the so-called
Baloch Independence Day to pollute the minds of the patriot people of the Baluchistan province
against the federation of Pakistan.

During this day, shutter down strikes on small scale in the far-flung areas of Balochistan and
demonstrations of small attendance by exiled BSNs take place, including active social media

The anti-Pakistan section of Baloch people propagate that Balochistan got independence from
British on 11th August 1947. The Khan of Kalat (KoK) rejected the idea of joining Pakistan.
Pakistan invaded Balochistan and took control by imprisoning Khan of Kalat and his family
members within the palace.

It is notable that the insurgency of 1948 which started by Shehzada Abdul Karim of Kakat on
small scale continued, because it was not supported by other realist Baloch leaders, and it was
based on misguided thoughts suggested by few Indian Congress leaders. The aim was to
destabilize Pakistan by creating militancy in Balochistan.

As these hostile elements, while following the foreign agenda of the anti-Pakistan countries
distort the historical facts; the Baloch must need to know the actual perspective about accession
of Kallat state with Pakistan.

No doubt, Baloch leaders and people of Balochistan played a vital role in creation of Pakistan,
and ultimately succeeded under the leadership and guidance of Quaid-e- Azam Muhammad Ali
Jinnah in achieving Pakistan as an independent state. In fact, Balochistan is an integral part of
Pakistan with a history of supporting Resolution of Pakistan-1940, which envisaged creation of a
separate homeland for Muslim majority areas of the Sub-continent, as the Baloch had strongly
opposed plan of the united India.

Unfortunately, there are still certain dissident elements which not only opposed the idea of Two
Nation Theory—the fundamental ideological base for creation of Pakistan, but also left no stone
unturned in misguiding the Baloch regarding Balochistan’s accession to Pakistan. In reality,
before the independence of Pakistan, the territories which are now consolidated into the province
of Balochistan did not constitute a settled province. Apart from Quetta District that was
administrated under civil law, the rest of the territory was under Frontier Crimes Regulations
(FCR). The then government of British India constituted a special body of tribal elders known as
“SHAHI JIRGA” for consultation by Assistant Governor General (AGG) on local issues relating
to British Balochistan. On June 29, 1947, “SHAHI JIRGA” of the British Balochistan as
representative body of AGG along with elected members of Quetta Municipal Body
unanimously passed a resolution of forming part of Pakistan. The State of Kalat had customary
over lordship on the princely states of Kharan, Makran and Lasbela. As these three states decided
to join Pakistan in March 1948, the Khan of Kalat also acceded with Pakistan on March 27,
1948. The brother of KoK Shehzada Abdul Karim of Kakat having mustered 130 tribesmen

started insurgency in 1948 which never took off ground and the matter was brought under

Regretfully, Baloch Sub Nationalists (BSNs) distort history of accession of Kalat with Pakistan
and give reference of the so-called insurgency of 1948 by brother of KoK, whereas the document
of accession of State of Kalat with Pakistan was signed by KoK himself as legitimate ruler of
State of Kalat.

Notably, as a result of the general elections 2013, the government led by the nationalist leader
Chief Minister Balochistan Dr Abdul Malik Baloch was established in Balochistan, while on
December 7, 2013; local bodies elections were largely held in a peaceful manner in the province.
However, these elections proved that majority of the Baloch are loyal to the federation, and do
not favour separation of the Balachistan, as they have rejected the case of separatists, being
projected by anti-Pakistan powers.

Even a Gallup survey of the UK official body, DFID, conducted on July 20, 212, had disclosed
that the vast majority of the Baloch people oppose the idea of an independent Balochistan. This
survey has also proved that some external entities have been conducting acts of sabotage in the
province by backing the minority groups.

It is due to the progressive works of Pak Army in the province that a division has been created
among the militant groups’ leaders in Balochistan. On 2011, I had visited Balochistan along with
other journalists. I saw a number of institutes, set up by army, and these were providing
education, especially technical training to thousands of Balochis. Besides other developments
works, Pak Army was also imparting army training to the Baloch youth. So, the purpose of army
is to uplift of the Baloch people with creation of jobs and to bring them in the mainstream of the
country. However, I had also a trip to far-flung areas of the province and witnessed various mega
projects and mineral sites, protected by armed forces. People also told me that subversive events
are being arranged by the minority separatist elements so as to create chaotic situation in the

Similarly, CPEC which is a game changer, will not only develop Balochistan, but will also
provide employment to the Baloch.

As regards the deteriorating situation of Balochistan and the missing persons, everyone knows
that Balochistan Liberation Army (BLA), Baloch Salvation Front (BSF) and their affiliated
outfits, including another group, Jundollah (God’s soldiers) which have been fighting for
secession of the province gets logistic support from American CIA, Indian RAW, and Israeli

In this respect, in the recent past, new wave of terrorism in Pakistan, especially Balochistan
killed several innocent people, while various terrorist outfits, particularly the Islamic State group
(Also known as Daesh, ISIS, ISIL), and the affiliated faction of the Tehreek-e- Taliban Pakistan
(TTP), the Tehreek-e- Taliban Pakistan Jamaat-ur- Ahrar (TTP-JA also known as JuA) claimed
responsibility for these brutal acts. TTP based in Afghanistan has its connections with ISIL and
other terrorist organizations and affiliated terror groups, including Baloch separatist elements,

and all these outfits are promoting the anti-Pakistan agenda of the foreign entities against
Pakistan. As part of the double game, CIA, RAW, Mossad and Afghan intelligence agency,
National Directorate of Security (NDS) which are in collaboration, are using these terror outfits
in destabilizing Pakistan and particularly Balochistan in order to fulfill the covert strategic aims
of the US-led India and Israel against Pakistan, China, Russia and Iran.

These external secret agencies are especially supporting the TTP which is hiding in Nuristan and
Kunar provinces of Afghanistan. Reportedly, Mullah Fazlullah led TTP is behind several terror
activities inside Pakistan, as the latter has also become center of the Great Game due to the ideal
location of Balochistan. With the tactical assistance of CIA, particularly, RAW is trying to
damage Pak-China CPEC project.

In the past few years, these militants kidnapped and killed many innocent people and the security
personnel in Balochistan. They also massacred many persons through suicide attacks, bomb
blasts, targeted killings and sectarian violence. Therefore, they are responsible for dumped
bodies and extrajudicial killings in the province. On a number of occasions, these insurgent
groups claimed responsibility for their subversive acts. A majority of the disappeared individuals
are also in the detention centers (Farrari Camps) which are being run by foreign-assisted Baloch
feudal lords (Sardars) who want to continue old system of feudalism in the province so as to
maintain their status, prestige and influence at the cost of people of the province.

It is mentionable that India, the US and Israel have been internationalizing the Balochistan issue
in accordance with their secret goals. In this context, in connivance with the Baloch separatist
leaders who have taken refuge in Switzerland, Sweden, US and London, these foreign elements
use media, various NGOs and human rights organizations for false propaganda against
Pakistan’s security agencies in relation to extrajudicial killings, mutilated bodies and the missing

It noteworthy that the armed forces of Pakistan have successfully broken the backbone of the
foreign-backed terrorists by the successful military operations Zarb-e- Azb and Radd-ul- Fasaad
which have also been extended to other parts of the country, including Balochistan. And
Pakistan’s primarily intelligence agency, ISI has broken the network of these terrorist groups by
capturing several militants, while thwarting a number of terror attempts.
Besides, since the government of the Balochistan province announced general pardon and
protection to the Baloch militants as part of reconciliation process, many insurgents and their
leaders have surrendered their arms and decided to work for the development of Pakistan and
peace has been restored in Balochistan.

But, recent blasts in Balochistan and other regions of the country show that the US-led India,
Afghanistan and Israel have again started acts of sabotage to weaken Pakistan and to damage the
China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC).

Taking cognizance of historical facts, the idea of observing the as the so-called Baloch
Independence Day must be denounced by all the segments of society, while, every year, the
majority of the Baloch reject the call for shutter down strike in relation to this day. But, theseanti-Pakistan aims of the separatist elements also needs to be countered by our own historians,
analysts and media persons and through social media by giving true perspective of history and
denouncing the hostile elements who distort the facts in order to advance their vested interests in
accordance with the direction of the external entities who want to destablise the federation of the

These internal entities of the country must point out that People of Balochistan, especially the
youth are very loyal and patriotic Pakistanis who believe in unity and sovereignty of the country.
They cannot be misled by elusive designs of greedy leaders who plan to observe August 11 as
the so-called Independence Day.

Particularly, media must proactively project the role of Baloch leaders in creation of Pakistan
and in defending the state of Pakistan. For the purpose, talk shows must be held giving correct
perspective of historical records by explaining the process of accession of State of Kalat with
Pakistan and internal rift between KoK and his brother.


Sajjad Shaukat writes on international affairs and is author of the book: US vs Islamic Militants,
Invisible Balance of Power: Dangerous Shift in International Relations

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