The Resistance vs. the Palestinian Authority: Will Abbas Lead Palestinians to Civil War?


Washington Report on Middle East Affairs, October 2023, pp. 12-13

By Dr. Ramzy Baroud
From the Diaspora

THIS IS THE PERFECT opportunity for Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas to exit the stage. But he will not. 

Abbas’ brief visit to the devastated Jenin refugee camp in the northern occupied West Bank on July 12, in what was promoted as a “solidarity“ visit to the camp, demonstrated the absurdity and danger of the PA and its 87-year-old leader. 

As he walked, Abbas struggled to keep his balance.

Thousands of frustrated Jenin residents took to the streets, hardly chanting Abbas’ name. Some looked on with disappointment; others asked where the president’s forces were when Israel invaded the camp, killing 12, wounding and arresting hundreds more. 

The BBC reported on a “huge armed deployment” to secure Abbas’ visit, where “PA security forces joined a thousand-strong unit of Mr. Abbas’ elite presidential guard.” Their only job was to “clear a path” for Abbas into the camp. 

Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas addresses the crowd during his visit to Jenin refugee camp in the West Bank on July 12, 2023, after Israeli forces left the camp in ruins on July 5. (ISSAM RIMAWI/ANADOLU AGENCY VIA GETTY IMAGES

On the initial and most deadly first day of the Israeli invasion of Jenin, Israeli media, citing military sources, said that 1,000 Israeli soldiers were taking part in the military operation. 

Yet, it took more Palestinian soldiers to secure Abbas’ brief visit to Jenin.

Indeed, where were those well-dressed and equipped PA soldiers when Jenin was fighting and dying alone? And why does Abbas need to be protected from his own people? 

To address these questions, it is important to examine recent contexts; three dates in particular stand out: 

On July 5, Israel ended its military operation in Jenin.

On July 9, despite protests by some of his security cabinet members, Israeli Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu declared that Israel would do its utmost to prevent the collapse of the PA. He stated outright that the PA “works for us.”

And, finally, on July 12, Abbas visited Jenin with a stern message to Palestinian resistance groups.

These three dates are directly related: Israel’s failed raid on Jenin has heightened the significance of the PA in Israel’s eyes. Abbas visited Jenin to reassure Israel that the PA is up to the task.

To live up to Israel’s expectations and to ensure its survival, the PA is willing to clash directly with Palestinians who refuse to toe the line. 

“There will be one Authority and one security force,” Abbas declared angrily, only days following the burial of Jenin’s victims. “Anyone who seeks to undermine its unity and security will face the consequences,” he added, further promising that “Any hand that reaches out to harm the people and their stability shall be cut off.” 

The hand in reference is not that of Israel, but any Palestinian who resists Israel.

Abbas knows that Palestinians despise him and his PA. Just days earlier, Fatah party deputy Chairman Mahmoud Aloul was removed from Jenin by angry crowds. The crowds chanted in unison, “get out,” to Aloul and two other PA officials.

They did, but Abbas returned to the same scene. He arrived in a Jordanian military helicopter. Waiting for him on the ground was a small PA army that had taken over the streets and the high buildings—or whatever remained of them—in the destroyed camp. 

All of this happened through logistical arrangements with the Israeli military.

But why is Netanyahu keen on the PA’s survival?

Netanyahu wants the PA to survive simply because he does not want the Israeli occupation administration and military to be fully responsible for the welfare of Palestinians in the West Bank and the security of the illegal settlers.

Despite its near complete failure, the Oslo Accords succeeded in one thing: it provided Israel with a Palestinian force whose main mission is to assist the Israeli occupation in its quest to maintain total control over the West Bank. 

Abbas’ trip to Jenin was intended to reassure Tel Aviv that the PA is still committed to its obligations to Israel.

Another message was sent to U.S. President Joe Biden, who has, in a recent interview, cast doubts on the PA’s “credibility.” Biden told CNN, “The PA is losing its credibility,” and that has “created a vacuum for extremism.” 

The message to Washington was that the hands of the so-called “extremists” will be “cut off,” and that there will be “consequences” for those who defy the PA’s will. 

Abbas seemed to speak, not only on behalf of the PA but on behalf of Tel Aviv and Washington as well. 

Even ordinary Palestinians understand this to be the case; in fact, they always have. The only difference now is that they feel strong and emboldened by a new generation of resistance which has succeeded in reclaiming a degree of Palestinian unity, amid factional politics and PA corruption. 

The PA is now seen by most Palestinians as the obstacle to full unity. While Israel was ramping up its deadly operations in Jenin and Nablus, the PA police was arresting Palestinian activists, angering resistance groups in the West Bank and Gaza

If this continues, a civil war in the West Bank is a real possibility, especially as Abbas’ potential successors are equally distrusted, even by Fatah’s own rank and file. These men were also in Jenin, standing shoulder to shoulder behind Abbas as he was frantically trying to lay out the new rules. 

This time around, Palestinians are unlikely to listen. For the resistance, the stakes are too high to back down now. For the PA, losing the West Bank means losing billions of dollars of Western financial handouts. 

A clash between the resistance and their popular support, on the one hand, and the West- and Israel-backed PA forces, on the other, will prove very costly for Palestinians. 

For Tel Aviv, however, it is a win-win. This is why Netanyahu is anxious to help Abbas keep his job, at least long enough to ensure that the post-Abbas transition goes through efficiently. 

Palestinians must find a way to block such designs, preserve Palestinian blood and restructure their leadership, so that it represents them, not the interests of the Israeli occupation.

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