Refocus on Kashmir Black Day


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By Sajjad Shaukat

Although 27th of October is celebrated every year as the “Black Day” by the Pakistanis and the
Kashmiris all over the world as a protest against Indian illegal occupation of Kashmir on October
27, 1947, yet this time, this very day has come at time when the people of Kashmir have
accelerated their legitimate struggle in the aftermath of the martyrdom of the young Kashmir
leader Burhan Wani by the Indian security forces in the Indian Occupied Kashmir (IOK) in wake
of continued sieges, prolonged curfews, arrests and detentions of the Kashmiri leaders. Since
July 8, 2016, Indian forces have martyred more than 200 innocent persons who have been
protesting against the martyrdom of Burhan Wani.

Some online authentic sources suggest that recent wave of Kashmiri intifada has witnessed
repression of Indian armed forces; large numbers of the dead and injured have been youngsters.
The pellet guns used by security forces have damaged the faces of 1600 people and more than
1100 people have partially or wholly lost their eyesight making 2016 as the year of dead eyes.
An Indian journalist Sagarika Ghose in her piece in “Times of India” admitted that India has
become a “de facto Hindu country” and “the boiling situation in Indian Occupied Kashmir is a
sign of triumph for Muhammad Ali Jinnah’s Two-Nation theory”—also admitted that “Today
Kashmir is a cantonment, patrolled by lakhs of security forces.”

Another Indian journalist Santosh Bhartiya in an open letter to Indian Prime Minister Modi
published on ‘Rising Kashmir’ has claimed that although “the land of Kashmir is with us, the
people of Kashmir are not with us.” New York Times editorial “Cruelty and Cowardice in
Kashmir” also has the same shade commenting on an incident on the current situation in the
valley. Former chief of RAW, Dulat felt that “the ongoing unarmed uprising has worsened under
the current government due to alienation and the anger of youth; young Kashmiri minds have
gone out of control…There is a sense of hopelessness. They aren’t afraid to die. Villagers,
students and even girls are coming out on the streets. This has never happened in the past.”

While, by manipulating the false flag terror attacks at a military base in Uri and Baramulla, the
BJP-led Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi has intensified war-hysteria against Pakistan.
After deployment of heavy arms and weapons at the Line of Control (LoC), Indian forces have
increased troops and continue shelling in Pakistani side of Azad Kashmir. New Delhi’s main aim
is to deflect the attention of the international community from the new phase of Kashmiri
Intifada, while in this regard; pressure has been mounting on the Modi government both
domestically and internationally to resolve the dispute of Kashmir with Pakistan.

However, during the partition of the Sub-continent, the people of the state of Jammu and
Kashmir (J&K) which comprised Muslim majority decided to join Pakistan according to the
British-led formula. But, Dogra Raja, Sir Hari Singh, a Hindu who was ruling over the J&K, in
connivance with the Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and Governor General Lord
Mountbatten joined India.

The design to forcibly wrest Kashmir began to unfold on August 16, 1947, with the
announcement of the Radcliffe Boundary Award. It gave the Gurdaspur District—a majority
Muslim area to India to provide a land route to the Indian armed forces to move into Kashmir.
There was a rebellion in the state forces, which revolted against the Maharaja and were joined by
Pathan tribesmen. Lord Mountbatten ordered armed forces to land in Srinagar.

When Pakistan responded militarily against the Indian aggression, on December 31, 1947, India
made an appeal to the UN Security Council to intervene and a ceasefire ultimately came into
effect on January 01, 1949, following UN resolutions calling for a plebiscite in Kashmir to
enable the people of Jammu and Kashmir to determine whether they wish to join Pakistan or
India. On February 5, 1964, India backed out of its promise of holding plebiscite. Instead, in
March 1965, the Indian Parliament passed a bill, declaring Kashmir a province of India-an
integral part of the Indian union.

The very tragedy of Kashmiris had started after 1947 when they were denied their genuine right
of self-determination. They organized themselves against the injustices of India and launched a
war of liberation which New Delhi tried to crush through various forms of brutalities.

It is notable that since 1947, in order to maintain its illegal control, India has continued its
repressive regime in the Occupied Kashmir through various machinations.

Nevertheless, various forms of state terrorism have been part of a deliberate campaign by the
Indian army and paramilitary forces against Muslim Kashmiris, especially since 1989. It has
been manifested in brutal tactics like crackdowns, curfews, illegal detentions, massacre, targeted
killings, sieges, burning the houses, torture, disappearances, rape, breaking the legs, molestation
of Muslim women and killing of persons through fake encounter.

According to a report on human rights violations in the Indian Occupied Kashmir, since 1989,
there have been deaths of 1,00000 innocent Kashmiris, 7,023 custodial killings, 1,22,771 arrests,
1,05,996 destruction of houses or buildings, 22,776 women widowed, 1,07,466 children
orphaned and 10,086 women gang-raped/molested. Indian brutal securities forces have continue
these atrocities.

In fact, Indian forces have employed various draconian laws like the Jammu and Kashmir
Disturbed Areas Act, and the Armed Forces (Jammu and Kashmir) Special Powers Act and
Public Safety Act in killing the Kashmiri people, and for the arbitrarily arrest of any individual
for an indefinite period.

Besides Human Rights Watch, in its various reports, Amnesty International has also pointed out
grave human rights violations in the Indian controlled Kashmir, indicating, “The Muslim
majority population in the Kashmir Valley suffers from the repressive tactics of the security

In its report on July 2, 2015, the Amnesty International has highlighted extrajudicial killings of
the innocent persons at the hands of Indian security forces in the Indian Held Kashmir. The
report points out, “Tens of thousands of security forces are deployed in Indian-administered

Kashmir…the Armed Forces Special Powers Act allows troops to shoot to kill suspected
militants or arrest them without a warrant…not a single member of the armed forces has been
tried in a civilian court for violating human rights in Kashmir…this lack of accountability has in
turn facilitated other serious abuses…India has martyred one 100,000 people. More than 8,000
disappeared (while) in the custody of army and state police.”
In this respect, European Union has passed a resolution about human rights abuses committed by
Indian forces in the Indian held Kashmir.

It is of particular attention that in 2008, a rights group reported unmarked graves in 55 villages
across the northern regions of the Indian-held Kashmir. Then researchers and other groups
reported finding thousands of mass graves without markers. In this respect, in August, 2011,
Indian Jammu and Kashmir State Human Rights Commission officially acknowledged in its
report that innocent civilians killed in the two-decade conflict have been buried in unmarked

Notably, foreign sources and human rights organisations have revealed that unnamed graves
include those innocent persons, killed by the Indian military and paramilitary troops in the fake
encounters including those who were tortured to death by the Indian secret agency RAW.
Indian authorities are not willing to talk with Kashmiri people on political grounds. New Delhi
reached to a conclusion that only bullet is the right way of dealing with Kashmiris, demanding
their right of self-determination. Surprisingly, Indian successive governments are trying to ignore
the dynamics of the freedom movement of Kashmiris for the sake of their alien rule.
But, New Delhi is still showing its intransigence in order to resolve Kashmir issue with Pakistan
by neglecting the fact that Kashmir remains a nuclear flashpoint between both the neighbouring

In this context, Egbert Jahn in his book, “Kashmir: Flashpoint for a Nuclear War or Even a Third
World War?” has pointed out, “The Kashmir conflict is embedded in the wider conflict over the
incomplete creation of nations and states on the Indian subcontinent, which during the east-west
conflict even threatened at times to escalate into a nuclear world war between Pakistan and the
USA on the one side and India and the USSR on the other. Until now, there have been three wars
between India and Pakistan over the Jammu and Kashmir: in 1947–49, 1965 and 1999… finally,
the Indo-Chinese border war of 1962…after these wars…and could unexpectedly again lead to a
regional and under certain circumstances…even a major nuclear war or a Third World War.”
Meanwhile, like the previous year, Pakistan’s recent serious and sincere effort at the annual
session of the United Nations—highlighting Indian atrocities, the Kashmir dispute and
demanding its solution has infused a new spirit among the Kashmiri people.

Although 27th of October is celebrated every year as the “Black Day” by the Pakistanis and the
Kashmiris, living on both sides of the LoC and all over the world as a protest against Indian
illegal occupation of Kashmir, yet the issue is still alive due to continued struggle of the
Kashmiri people.


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